Суб 18 Май 2013 03:26:00
Бэ, помогиСап, Бэ. Мне не к кому обратиться, кроме, как к тебе. Есть один текст, и он на английском. Мне его надо перевести. Я не спал уже более полутора суток и уже чисто физически не могу переводить. Остался небольшой кусок. Ночной, помоги, пожалуйста с переводом. Приветствуется как полный перевод, так и пояснение сути происходящего. Контекст - экономическая теория.
Households&#39; evaluative activity also is not immune to learning. The preeminence that the e-model attributes to subjectively de- termined values, applies to a particular household at a particular time. Individuals learn via their own development and experi- ence, and can apply the resulting changes, including the appreciation that they will change, to the goal structure of their subse- quent purposive behavior. But they also can be taught and helped, potentially by societal know-how and institutions-potentially!
Individual behavior is of course influenced in countless ways by business and govern- mental institutions having -a capability to improve or deteriorate how individuals serve themselves (given what governments or busi- nesses want from them). Particularsare end- less and remedies often seem obvious. Yet Mack&#39;s work with the concepts here de- scribed and with their applications in some policy problems, has led to respect of how deeply rooted are many of the things that mistakenly seem easy to influence. Only after we well understand how individuals con- ceptualize and serve their own advantage can the troublesome specifics of behavior be ef- fectively and efficiently corrected.
Teleological capability applies also to evaluation and design of broad policy. For example: 1) the impacts of institutions on individual behavior just mentioned, have counterparts in how the institutions serve their own and wider interests; 2) richer un- derstanding of household value systems and how they change bears on defining optimal- ity in aggregate welfare functions, and on the usefulness of equilibrium notions; 3) social indicators burgeon, yet we lack the micro model for these macro measures of quality of life; 4) the new economics of consumption now arrives at consumption functions for fertility, marriage, etc., for which a focus on monetized variables can give distorted answers,since complex qualitative factor scan piggy-back on the included variables (Mack, 1976).