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Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:12:25
Привет, двач, я тян, 20 лвл, хочу поговорить с тобой на уже заезжанную, но скандальную тему.
Вчера мамка подошла ко мне и спросила: детей когда рожать будешь? Я охуела, потому что, во-первых, детей заводить не планировала, а во-вторых, я их, блядь, ненавижу. Почему ненавижу? Потому что от этих маленьких уебков одни проблемы. Представьте себе: пока эта тварь не родится, надо будет ходить, как распухшая от водянки страдалица, а когда этот урод разорвет тебе пизду, тебе придется ухаживать за ним, полностью забив на себя, и приготовиться к бессонным ночам, огромным тратам денег и крикам.
Хуй я на это клала.
А ты что думаешь о детях, анон?

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:13:29
>Хуй я на это клала.

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:14:29
Так же думаю, но моя наверное уже все поняла и только 1.5 раза в год щютит про внуков.

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:16:11
>Привет, двач, я тян
Ты знаешь правила, шлюха

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:17:16

tlmhult Municipality
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
tlmhult Municipality
tlmhults kommun

Coat of arms

Country Sweden
County Kronoberg County
Seat tlmhult
Total 983.28 km2 (379.65 sq mi)
Land 895.36 km2 (345.70 sq mi)
Water 87.92 km2 (33.95 sq mi)
Area as of January 1, 2010.
Population (June 30, 2012)[2]
Total 15,640
Density 16/km2 (41/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Sm•land
Municipal code 0765
Website www.almhult.se

Ikea in tlmhult, 2005
tlmhult Municipality (tlmhults kommun) is a municipality in central Kronoberg County in southern Sweden, where the town of tlmhult is seat.
In 1901 tlmhult was detached from Stenbrohult and made a market town (k¦ping). The present municipality was created by the local government reform of 1971, when tlmhult was amalgamated with the surrounding rural municipalities.
Of historical significance is that the world renowned botanist Carl von Linn™ was born and grew up in the parish of Stenbrohult in the early 18th century. Today, the estate where he was born and lived his first months has been turned into a museum at R•shult, still surrounded by the same meadows and fields it was 300 years ago.
Allegedly, the area has a variety of different specimens of plants, likely to trigger the interest of a botanical minded youngster. The geography is probably not distinguished from its neighbouring municipalities however. Like all Sm•land municipalities they contain a variety of lakes, streams and above all forests.
The first IKEA store was opened in tlmhult, by Ingvar Kamprad. Ingvar grew up in the municipality, in Agunnaryd.
Contents [hide]
1 Localities
2 Notable natives
3 References
4 External links

There are 5 urban areas (also called a T”tort or locality) in tlmhult Municipality.
In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2005. The municipal seat is in bold characters.
# Locality Population
1 tlmhult 8,642
2 Di¦ 867
3 Liatorp 581
4 Eneryda 331
5 Delary 203
Notable natives[edit]

Carolus Linnaeus
Ingvar Kamprad

Statistics Sweden
^ "Statistiska centralbyr•n den 1 januari 2010" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2010-08-21.
^ "SCB, Befolkningsstatistik 30 juni 2012" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
External links[edit]

tlmhult Municipality - Official site

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:17:37

Я думаю, что тебе надо съебать.

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:18:13
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about adultery in Islam. For extramarital affairs in general, see Adultery.
For other uses, see Zina (disambiguation)

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2009)
Part of a series on
Blasphemy Maisir (gambling) Zina (extramarital sex) Hirabah (unlawful warfare) Fasad (mischief) Rajm (stoning)
Tazir (discretionary) Qisas (retribution) Diyya (compensation)
Islamic studies
v t e
Zena (Arabic: вцЧ / ALA-LC: zen±) is generally defined by Islamic Law as unlawful sexual intercourse, i.e. intercourse between individuals who are not married to one another. This encompasses extramarital sex and premarital sex.
Zena falls under the Islamic sexual jurisprudence of Fiqh, which is an expansion of the Sharia code of conduct given in the Qur'an.
Across all four schools of Sunni practice, and the two schools of Shi'a practice, the term zina signifies voluntary sexual intercourse between a man and a woman not married to one another, regardless of whether one or both of them are married to other persons or not. It does not - in contrast with the usage prevalent in most Western languages - differentiate between the concepts of "adultery" (i.e., sexual intercourse of a married man with a woman other than his wife, or of a married woman with a man other than her husband) and "fornication" (i.e., sexual intercourse between two unmarried persons).
Islamic law prescribes punishments for both Muslim and non-Muslim men and women for the act of Zina as interpreted from the Qur'an and the Hadith. In principle it is an extremely difficult offence to prove, requiring four respectable witnesses to the actual act of penetration.
Contents [hide]
1 Islamic
1.1 Qur'an
1.2 Hadith
2 Inclusions of the zina definition
2.1 Sunni
2.2 Shi'a
3 Accusation process and punishment
3.1 Sunni practice
3.2 Shi'a practice
4 Worldwide controversy
5 See also
6 References
7 External links

Islam considers zina a major sin. In this, Islam shares the same views as other Abrahamic religions, such as Judaism and Christianity. From the perspective of the Qur'an, the prophetic tradition, and Islamic law, sex uncoupled with a legally binding marital tie is considered zina, and is equally punishable for both women and men.
The Qur'an deals with zina in several places. First is the Qur'anic general rule that commands Muslims not to commit zina:
Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).
Qur'an, Sura 17 (Al-Isra), ayat 32[1]
Most of the rules related to zina, adultery, and false accusations from a husband to his wife or from members of the community to chaste women, can be found in Surat an-Nur (the Light). The sura starts by giving very specific rules about punishment for zina:
"The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication,- flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment."
Qur'an, Sura 24 (An-Nur), ayat 2[2]
And those who accuse free women then do not bring four witnesses, flog them, (giving) eighty stripes, and do not admit any evidence from them ever; and these it is that are the transgressors. Except those who repent after this and act aright, for surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Qur'an, Sura 24 (An-Nur), ayat 4-5[3]
Nearly all hadith collections include three hadiths that are central in the legal arguments about the punishment for zina:
One to the effect that the Prophet has enforced this punishment in a case of unlawful intercourse among Jews on the basis of the Torah;
a second one, transmitted by Abu Hurairah states that the Prophet, in a case of intercourse between a young man and a married woman, sentenced the woman to stoning[4] and the young man to flogging and banishment for a year;
and a third one in which Umar al-Khattab asserts that there was a revelation to the effect that those who are muhsan (i.e. an adult, free, Muslim who has previously enjoyed legitimate sexual relations in matrimony regardless of whether the marriage still exists) and have unlawful intercourse are to be punished with stoning.
The hadith related by Abu Hurairah has been the basis of the fiqh doctrine.
The most accepted collection of Hadith Sahih al Bukhari has 4 entries (under 3829, 8804, 8805 and 8824) which refer to death by stoning. One case involved Jews who were stoned to death in accordance with the Law of the Torah (not the Qur'an). Another says: "A married man from the tribe of Bani Aslam who had committed illegal sexual intercourse and bore witnesses four times against himself was ordered by Mohammed to be stoned to death". These two hadiths clearly conflict as to who or what actually ordered the stoning. And in both entries, the narrator acknowledges his ignorance of whether the stoning to death was carried out before or after the revelation of Quranic Verse 24-2.[citation needed] However according to Jamila Hussain, "the majority of the jurists agree that, on the authority of the hadith [case involved Jews who were stoned to death in accordance with the Torah], ... the proper punishment for married adulterers is stoning to death, and the unmarried should be awarded 100 lashes." [5]
Inclusions of the zina definition[edit]

Zina encompasses extramarital sex and premarital sex between a man and a woman who are not married to one another or in a state of lawful concubinage based on ownership.
This includes the Sunni definition of zina and also includes: homosexual intercourse, a great variety of sexual behavior: buggery, both with men and women, lesbian intercourse and heavy petting. Furthermore, Shi'a legal doctrine defines muhsan as an adult, free Muslim who is in a position lawfully to have sexual intercourse and whose partner is actually available (e.g. not imprisoned or absent on a journey).
Accusation process and punishment[edit]

Given the severity of punishment for the offense of zina, the Qur'an requires solid proof beyond the shadow of doubt before convicting an individual, be it a man or a woman, of zina. Muslim jurists have derived from the Sunnah of Muhammad very strict requirements for proving zina. In fact, jurists unanimously agree on only two means of doing so:
A clear, free, and willful confession by the person guilty of the act of zina. However, if that person retracts his/her confession, he/she is not punishable (barring the presence of witnesses, as indicated below), because there would no longer be any proof of the occurrence of the prohibited act, and alternatively,
The testimony of four reliable Muslim male eye-witnesses[citation needed], all of whom must have witnessed the actual intercourse at the same time.
It is pertinent to point out that the evidentiary requirement for zina was initially intended to protect men son get away with his/her sin and face Gods justice later, than to enforce the hadd

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:18:34
Uppercut (Morgan Finlay EP)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Question book-new.svg
This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2010)

EP by Morgan Finlay
Released 2002
Genre Pop
Morgan Finlay chronology
(2005) Everything Will Work Out Right
Uppercut is an EP by Canadian singer and songwriter Morgan Finlay. It was released in 2002.
Track listing[edit]

"In a Perfect World"
"The Reason Why"
"A Lesson"
"Everything Will Work Out Right"

Stub icon This 2000s pop album-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
Categories: 2002 EPs

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:18:55
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University
Established 2011
Type Public, Coeducational
Chancellor President Mohammad Zillur Rahman
Vice-Chancellor Professor Dr. Khairul Alam Khan
Students 680
Location Gopalganj, Bangladesh
Affiliations University Grants Commission (Bangladesh)
Website www.bsmrstu.edu.bd
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University is a public university located in Ghonapara, Gopalganj, Bangladesh.
Contents [hide]
1 History
2 Administration
3 Academic departments
4 Library & centers
5 Residential student halls
6 References
7 External links
History[edit edit source]

Bangladesh was a province of Pakistan until 1971.
Wiki letter w.svg This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)

Wiki letter w.svg This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)
Academic departments[edit]

Faculty of Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Faculty of Science
Applied Physics & Electronics
Analytical and Environmental Chemistry
Faculty of Business Studies
Management Studies
Faculty of Arts & Humanities
Faculty of Social Science
Faculty of Bio-science
Library & centers[edit]

Wiki letter w.svg This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)
Residential student halls[edit]

Wiki letter w.svg This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)

External links[edit]

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurates the admission process of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj; The Daily Star, [1]
Admission Circulation of 2012-13 Session, [2]
Official website
[hide] v t e
Public Universities in Bangladesh
Barisal division
Patuakhali Science and Technology University University of Barisal
Chittagong division
Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology Chittagong University Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Comilla University Noakhali Science and Technology University
Dhaka division
Bangladesh Agricultural University Bangladesh University of Professionals Bangladesh National University Bangladesh Open University Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology Bangladesh University of Textiles Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology Dhaka University Jagannath University Jahangirnagar University Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University
Khulna division
Islamic University Jessore Science & Technology University Khulna University Khulna University of Engineering & Technology
Rajshahi division
Pabna University of Science and Technology Rajshahi University Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology
Rangpur division
Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science & Technology University Begum Rokeya University
Sylhet division
Shahjalal University of Science and Technology Sylhet Agricultural University
Categories: Universities in Bangladesh

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:19:51
-eljko Malnar
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
-eljko Malnar
-eljko Malnar.JPG
1st President of Republic of PeЅenica
In office
3 October 1992 9 July 2013
Personal details
Born 12 April 1944
Zagreb, Croatia
Died 9 July 2013 (aged 69)
Zagreb, Croatia
Spouse(s) Emira (1989 - 2013)
Alma mater Indian Institute of Mass Communication, Delhi
-eljko Malnar (Zagreb, April 12, 1944. - Zagreb, July 9, 2013.) was a Croatian maverick traveller, writer and a minor television celebrity, best known for his own weekly show Nightmare Stage and his satirical micronation the Republic of PeЅenica.
Contents [hide]
1 Biography
2 Films
3 Books
4 TV shows
5 References
6 External links

His first expedition was in 1964 in the area of Peru·ica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the last remaining primeval forest in Europe.
In the period between 1965 and 1995 he has traveled the Middle East, Africa, South America, Oceania, Pakistan and India in numerous expeditions. He co-wrote the book U potrazi za staklenim gradom.
In the period between 1970 and 1974 he studied philosophy and mass media in India and the Indian philosopher Swami Ashram Shama, which allowed him to gain more insight into Indian society. He ended studies as the best foreign student. He received diploma personally from Indian president V. V. Giri. In India, he worked for the producers Don Charnon, Canadian film ltd, Indian film division, and for the government of the state Rajastan. In 1977 he led an expedition for Zagreb television entitled "Journey to the East", which had great success.
In 1982 he became the leader of professional expeditions, and worked for the American Institute of Ecotechnic institution with headquarters in London. For the U.S. company Tropic Ventures he operated one of the largest expedition the world called "Around the Tropic World" (19821986). He is the author of the documentary series with the expedition entitled "Journey to other worlds." Speleological participating in expeditions that achieved the world accepted the results in the scientific world (the discovery of the longest olm).
Malnar authored over 70 documentary films and reports from Turkey, Jordan, Ethiopia, Iraq, Iran, Yemen, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Tibet, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Panama, Ecuador, Samoa, the South Pacific, New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, etc. He received many awards throughout the world - Chicago International Film Festival, Barcelona Film Festival, etc. In 1986 he got the city keys to Fort Worth, Dallas in the U.S. state of Texas from mayor Bob Bolan as a reward for bringing cultures and peoples. He is the only holder of foreign titles SEIU (chiefs speaking) Polynesian states Samoa.
In 1992, Malnar started producing Nightmare Stage, a show that hosted many picturesque characters from the streets of Zagreb (Cro Rom, Tarzan, Jaran, Laki, eva etc.). Malnar proclaimed himself the president of the so-called Republic of PeЅenica in the beginning of the 1990s, a satirical-parodical project, a parody on contemporary Croatian political scene.
In 2004, the City Council of Zagreb nominated -eljko Malnar for the city award (plaketa) for his work on Nightmare Stage, for the show's "authenticity, brave opposition to an artificial virtual world, false greatness and hypocrisy in the society".[1]
In 2005, Malnar's TV show included shots from a local pornographic movie, which caused the Croatian agency for electronic media regulation to censure his then-station OTV and force it off the air for a period of 24 hours.[2]
The Nighmare Stage was later broadcast on the TV station Z1.
-eljko Malnar died at age 69 in Zagreb. He was cremated and his ashes will be scattered in the Adriatic Sea.[3]

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:20:06
1626 in music
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
List of years in music (table)
... 1616 . 1617 . 1618 . 1619 . 1620 . 1621 . 1622 ...
1623 1624 1625 -1626- 1627 1628 1629
... 1630 . 1631 . 1632 . 1633 . 1634 . 1635 . 1636 ...
Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...
The year 1626 in music involved some significant events.
Contents [hide]
1 Events
2 Classical music
3 Opera
4 Births
5 Deaths

Tarquinio Merula returns to Cremona.
Paolo Agostino succeeds Vincenzo Ugolini as conductor of the pope's orchestra in St. Peter's Basilica.
Classical music[edit]

Giovanni Battista Buonamente Il quarto libro de varie de sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, corrente, e brandi per sonar con due violini & un basso di viola, published in Venice
Carlo Farina Libro delle pavane, gagliarde, brand: mascharata, aria franzesa, volte, balletti, sonate, canzone
Johannes Hieronymus Kapsberger Libro terzo d'intavolatura di chitarrone
Johann Hermann Schein Opella nova (Little new works), volume 2, a collection of sacred concertos

Domenico Mazzochi La catena d'Adone

August 12 (baptized) Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (died 1690)
date unknown
Wolfgang Carl Briegel, organist and composer (died 1712)
Marusia Churai, composer, poet and singer (died 1689)
probable Louis Couperin, French harpsichordist and composer (died 1661)

February 20 John Dowland, composer and lutenist (born 1563)
May 17 Joan Pau Pujol, organist and composer (born 1570)
June Samuel R¬ling, poet and composer (born 1586)
November Thomas Weelkes, English composer (born 1576)
date unknown
John Cooper, English composer (born c.1570)
Giovanni Priuli, organist and composer

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:20:19
Goderich Airport
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Sky Harbour Airport" redirects here. For other uses, see Sky Harbor Airport (disambiguation).
Goderich Airport
Goderich Municipal Airport
WMO: 71261
Airport type Public
Operator Municipality of Goderich
Location Goderich, Ontario
Elevation AMSL 709 ft / 216 m
Coordinates 43`4604N 081`4239WCoordinates: 43`4604N 081`4239W
Website www.goderich.ca/.../airport.asp
CYGD is located in Ontario

Location in Ontario
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 1,871 570 Turf
10/28 3,003 915 Asphalt
14/32 5,034 1,534 Asphalt
Source: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Goderich Airport (ICAO: CYGD), also known as Goderich Municipal Airport, is a registered aerodrome located 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km; 1.7 mi) north of Goderich, Ontario, Canada. The aerodrome is best known as the home of Sky Harbour Aircraft, an aircraft paint shop.

Open Street Map of the airport.
The airport is classified as an airport of entry by NAV CANADA and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency. CBSA officers at this airport currently can handle general aviation aircraft only, with no more than 15 passengers.[1]

During World War II, Goderich Airport hosted No. 12 Elementary Flying School for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, providing initial pilot training for aircrews using the Fleet Finch.

^ a b Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 27 June 2013 to 0901Z 22 August 2013
^ Synoptic/Metstat Station Information
External links[edit]

Goderich Municipal Airport (official site)
Goderich Municipal / Skyharbour Airport on COPA's Places to Fly airport directory
[show] v t e
Airports in Canada

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:20:38
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coat of arms of Penguily
Penguily is located in France

Location within Brittany region [show]
Country France
Region Brittany
Department C¤tes-d'Armor
Arrondissement Saint-Brieuc
Canton Moncontour
Intercommunality Lamballe Communaut™
Mayor Alain Galliot
Elevation 80159 m (260522 ft)
Land area1 10.49 km2 (4.05 sq mi)
Population2 583 (2008)
- Density 56 /km2 (150 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 22165/ 22510
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 kmb (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Coordinates: 48`2222N 2`2937W
Penguily (Breton: Pengilli, Gallo: Pengili) is a commune in the C¤tes-d'Armor department of Brittany in northwestern France.

Historical population
Year Pop. a%
1962 316
1968 371 +17.4%
1975 352 5.1%
1982 334 5.1%
1990 363 +8.7%
1999 423 +16.5%
2008 583 +37.8%
Inhabitants of Penguily are called penguilais in French.
See also[edit]

Communes of the C¤tes-d'Armor department

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Penguily

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:20:53
Spanish cruiser Vizcaya
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vizcaya far106.jpg
Vizcaya sometime between 1893 and 1898
Career Armada EspaЎola Ensign
Name: Vizcaya
Namesake: Spanish name for Biscay, a Spanish province.
Builder: Bilbao, Spain
Laid down: 1889
Launched: 8 July 1891
Completed: 1893
Fate: Sunk 3 July 1898
General characteristics
Class & type: Infanta Maria Teresa-class
Type: armored cruiser
Displacement: 6,890 tons
Length: 364 ft 0 in (110.95 m)
Beam: 65 ft 2 in (19.86 m)
Draft: 21 ft 6 in (6.55 m) maximum
Installed power: 13,700 ihp
Propulsion: 2-shaft vertical triple expansion
Speed: 20.2 knots (forced draft)
Complement: 484 officers and enlisted
Armament: 2 ‡ 11 inch (280 mm) guns
10 ‡ 5.5 inch (140 mm) guns
8 ‡ 12 pdr quick-firing guns
10 x 3 pdr Hotchkiss revolvers
8 x Nordenfeld machine guns,
2 x Maxim machine guns,br />8 ‡ torpedo tubes (2 submerged)
Armor: Belt: 1210 in (30.525.4 cm);
Barbettes 9 in (22.9 cm)
Conning tower 12 in (30.5 cm)
deck 23 in (5.17.6 cm)
Notes: 1,050 tons of coal (normal)
Vizcaya, was an Infanta Maria Teresa-class armored cruiser of the Spanish Navy that fought at the Battle of Santiago de Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
Contents [hide]
1 Technical characteristics
2 Operational history
3 Video Gallery
4 Notes
5 References
6 External links
Technical characteristics[edit]

Vizcaya was built at Bilbao, Spain. She was laid down in 1889, launched on 8 July 1891, and completed in 1893.[1] She had two funnels and was fast and well armed. Her main armament was mounted on the center line in single barbettes fore and aft. Her armor was poor: her 11-inch guns had only lightly armored hoods, her 5.5-inch guns were mounted in the open on the upper deck, her armor belt was thin and protected only two-thirds of her length, and she had a high, unprotected freeboard that took much damage during the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. Like other nineteenth-century warships, she was heavily furnished and decorated with wood, which the Spanish failed to remove prior to combat and which would feed fires during the battle.[2]
Operational history[edit]

Profile of the Vizcaya with its appearance in 1898
Vizcaya was visiting New York City on a "friendly" visit to reciprocate for the visit of battleship USS Maine to Havana, Cuba, when Maine exploded and sank at Havana on 15 February 1898. Vizcaya then steamed to Havana, where she rendezvoused with her sister ship Almirante Oquendo. Ordered back across the Atlantic as war approached, both ships was assigned to the Spanish Navy's 1st Squadron, which was concentrating at S“o Vicente in Portugal's Cape Verde Islands under Vice Admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete. They arrived at S“o Vicente on 19 April 1898. It was noted that Vizcaya badly needed drydocking because of a badly fouled bottom, her 5.5-inch guns had defective breech mechanisms and had been supplied with defective ammunition, and the fleet had a shortage of stokers.

Vizcaya (right) and armored cruiser CristЈbal ColЈn at S“o Vicente, sometime between 19 April 1898 and 29 April 1898.
The Spanish-American War began while Vizcaya was at S“o Vicente. Ordered by neutral Portugal in accordance with international law to leave S“o Vicente within 24 hours of the declaration of war, Vizcaya and the rest of Cervera's squadron departed on 29 April 1898, bound for San Juan, Puerto Rico. Cervera's ships reached French-owned Martinique in the Lesser Antilles on 10 May 1898. While Vizcaya and the other large ships loitered in international waters, two Spanish destroyers went into Fort-de-France to ask for coal. France was neutral and would not supply coal, so the Spanish squadron departed on 12 May 1898 for Dutch-owned Cura—ao, where Cervera expected to meet a collier. Cervera arrived at Willemstad on 14 May, but the Netherlands also was neutral, and strictly enforced its neutrality by allowing only Vizcaya and her sister ship Infanta Maria Teresa to enter port and permitting them to load only 600 tons of coal. On 15 May, Cervera's ships departed, no longer bound for San Juan, which by now was under a U.S. Navy blockade, but for as-yet unblockaded Santiago de Cuba on the southeastern coast of Cuba, arriving there on 19 May 1898. Cervera hoped to refit his ships there before he could be trapped. His squadron was still in the harbor of Santiago de Cuba when an American squadron arrived on 27 May 1898 and began a blockade which would drag on for 37 days.
Some action occurred during the blockade. On 3 June 1898, the U.S. Navy steamed the collier USS Merrimac into the entrance channel to the harbor, hoping to scuttle her so as to block the channel and trap the Spanish ships inside. Spanish shore batteries already had disabled Merrimac when she drifted up the channel to a point where the Spanish ships could fire on her as well. Vizcaya, the unprotected cruiser Reina Mercedes, and the destroyer Pluton all opened fire, and Merrimac quickly sank in a position that did not block the entrance. Vizcaya hit the bridge of the Merrimac with several 5.5 inch rounds.[3]
The blockade wore on, with Vizcaya and the others enduring occasional American naval bombardments of the harbor. Vizcaya still had two 5.5-inch guns out of commission, 80 percent of the 5.5-inch ammunition was defective, and nothing could be done under the circumstances about her terribly fouled bottom. Some of her men joined others from the fleet in a Naval Brigade to fight against a U.S. Army overland drive toward Santiago de Cuba.
By the beginning of July 1898, that drive threatened to capture Santiago de Cuba, and Cervera decided that his squadron's only hope was to try to escape into the open sea by running the blockade. The decision was made on 1 July 1898, with the break-out set for 3 July 1898. The crew of Vizcaya spent 2 July 1898 returning from Naval Brigade service and preparing for action. Vizcaya was to be the second ship in line during the escape, following Cervera's flagship Infanta Maria Teresa; while Infanta Maria Teresa sacrificed herself by attacking the fastest American ship, the armored cruiser USS Brooklyn, Vizcaya and the others were to put on all the speed they could and run westward for the open sea.
At about 0845 hours on 3 July 1898, the Spanish ships got underway. The U.S. squadron sighted the Spanish ships in the channel at about 0935, and the Battle of Santiago de Cuba began.

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:21:04
While their squadron mates turned to starboard and put on steam for a run to the west behind them, Vizcaya followed Infanta Maria Teresa closely as she charged Brooklyn as if to ram. When Brooklyn turned away to the east, Vizcaya and Infanta Maria Teresa turned west, brushing past the last obstacle in their path, the armed yacht USS Vixen.
Vizcaya now found herself back in the line-ahead formation the squadron had formed when it left its anchorage, in second place behind Infanta Maria Teresa and ahead of armored cruiser CristЈbal ColЈn and Almirante Oquendo. At 1035, the sinking Infanta Maria Teresa was driven ashore with heavy damage and fires, and Almirante Oquendo soon suffered the same fate, running aground nearly abreast of Vizcaya. Further inshore, the two Spanish destroyers also succumbed. By 1050, Vizcaya and CristЈbal ColЈn were the only Spanish ships left.

The wreck of Vizcaya after the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.
Brooklyn now focused on Vizcaya, closing to a range of 950 yards (870 m) and pounding Vizcaya with numerous 8-inch (203-mm) and 5-inch (127-mm) shell hits, while battleships Texas, Iowa, Oregon, and Indiana also scored hits. Vizcaya managed to score two 5.5-inch hits on Brooklyn, killing the lone American sailor who died in the battle. But at about 1100, Brooklyn scored two punishing 8-inch (203-mm) hits on Vizcaya; one detonated a torpedo in her forward tube and blew a large part of her bow off, and the other knocked down her bridge and set her decorative woodwork and wooden furnishings on fire. When the fire began to cause ready ammunition for the secondary battery to explode, the end was clearly at hand for Vizcaya. At 1106, she turned toward the shore, struck her battle ensign, and ran herself up on the beach.
Some of her sailors made it ashore, although they had to beware of Cuban insurgents, who began to shoot the survivors of the wrecked Spanish ships. Others were rescued by American sailors who brought small boats alongside the wrecks to take off survivors. One of those rescued was the commanding officer of Vizcaya, Captain Don Antonio Eulate, who, when brought aboard Iowa, looked at the burning wreck of his ship, raised his hand in salute, and called out "Adios, Vizcaya!" Immediately, as if on cue, the cruiser's forward magazines exploded.
Postwar, a U.S. Navy survey team evaluating Spanish wrecks for their potential for being raised and put in American service concluded that Vizcaya was beyond salvage.
Video Gallery[edit]

File:Spanish cruiser Vizcaya in New York Harbor in 1898.ogv

Vizcaya in New York Harbor in February 1898
File:Wreck of the Vizcaya in 1898.ogv

The wreck of Vizcaya on 4 July 1898, the day after the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:21:22
Cuban Rap Agency
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Cuban Rap Agency (Agencia Cubana de Rap) is an organization subsidized by the Cuban government aimed at aiding Cuban hip hop artists in attaining radio exposure and recording contracts. Founded in 2002, the Cuban Rap Agency seeks out talented Cuban hip hop artists, like Papo Record, in order to promote hip-hop in Cuba.[1]
The CRA provides a state-run record label named La Fabri-k to help promote hip-hop on the island. The two main groups that make up the La Fabri-k label are Obsesion and Doble Filo. An important part of their style is live musicianship, underlining a mixture of traditional percussion, guitar, violin, cello, saxophone and piano all layered under rhyme.[1]
The CRA is an example of the growing nationalization of rap and music in general in Cuba. Indeed in 1999, Abel Prieto, the minister of Culture, declared rap to be " an authentic expression of Cuban culture".[2]
Skeptics charge the organization with the marginalization of hip-hop in Cuba. Intrinsic to the Cuban Rap Agency's mission of increasing exposure of Cuban hip-hop is an emphasis on the commercialization of the music. This in addition to the growing materialism in Cuba has put pressure on artists signed by the agency to adopt a more commercially viable sound such as reggaeton.[3] According to journalist Jessica Thurston of The Tartan, the Cuban Rap Agency leads hip-hop artists to "abandon their ideals and minimize the ability of any group to cause change." The agency's growing number of reggaeton artists and decreasing number of hip-hop artists causes concern with the shift in messages that these two genres of music represent. Hip-hop in Cuba was embraced so quickly because contained a revolutionary social message which to many resonates with the Cuban revolution.[4] On the other hand, Thurston characterizes reggaeton as the genre that "celebrates the trivial lifestyle of bars, dancing, and objectifying women".[5] Many view the Cuban Rap Agency as a threat to the future of underground hip-hop in Cuba.[6]
The Cuban Rap Agency rejects these accusations, claiming that the CRA is beneficial for the hip-hop community in Cuba. CRA director Susan Garcia AmorЈs asserts that the rappers endorsed by the organization "have rapped their own way." Journalist Antonio Paneque Brizuela of La Revista Cubana de Hip Hop interprets this quotation to mean that CRA artists have impacted the development of other musical styles.[7]
Upon its initiation, the CRA consisted of two major rap groups: Cubanitos 2002 and Cubanos en la Red. The number of recording artists that existed beneath the CRA's jurisdiction fluctuated until 2004. At that point, many "rap" and "hip-hop" artists had withdrawn from the organization, providing for an unprecedented distribution of reggaeton. A rift gradually formed between the CRA and the more hip-hop centered AsociaciЈn Hermanos Saќz. The AHS, however, is not a government endorsed institution, and instead a function of the Union of Young Communists. The AHS maintains a similar critique to that of Jessica Thurston, openly criticizing the genre at the 8th Congress of the Union of Young Communists in 2005.[8]

^ Baker, G: "La Habana Que No Conoces: Cuban Rap and the Social Construction of Urban Space," "Ethnomusicology Forum," 15(2):224.
^ Baker, Geoffrey. 2005. "QHip hop, RevoluciЈn! Nationalizing Rap in Cuba." Ethnomusicology 49, no. 3: pg: 368-402
^ Baker, Geoffrey. 2006. "La Habana que no conoces: Cuban rap and the social construction of urban space." Ethnomusicology Forum 15, no. 2: pg. 225.
^ Baker, Geoffrey. 2005. "QHip hop, RevoluciЈn! Nationalizing Rap in Cuba." Ethnomusicology 49, no. 3: pg. 368.
^ Thurston, J: "Cuban Rap Agency pushes smart subcultural rap to the margins," "The Tartan Online," 30 April 2007.
^ Baker, Geoffrey. 2006. "La Habana que no conoces: Cuban rap and the social construction of urban space." Ethnomusicology Forum 15, no. 2: pg. 225.
^ Brizuela, Antonio, P: "Is Rap Occupying its Rightful Place in Life?," "La Revista Cubana de Hip Hop," 3.
^ Baker, G: "The Politics of Dancing," "Reading Reggaeton," 2008.
External links

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:21:39
Pennsylvania Route 346
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
PA Route 346 marker
PA Route 346

Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length: 34.2 mi[2] (55.0 km)
Existed: 1928[1] present
Major junctions
West end: NY 280 at the New York state line in the Allegheny National Forest
PA 321 in the Allegheny National Forest
US 219 / PA 46 in Bradford
East end: PA 446 in Eldred
Counties: Warren, McKean
Highway system
Roads in Pennsylvania
Interstate US State Legislative
PA 345 PA 347
PA 158 PA-159 (1926).svg PA 160
Pennsylvania Route 346 (designated by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation as SR 0346) is a 34-mile (55 km) state highway located in Warren and McKean Counties in Pennsylvania, United States The western terminus is at the New York state line in the Allegheny National Forest, where it becomes New York State Route 280. The eastern terminus is at an intersection with PA 446 in Eldred.
Contents [hide]
1 Route description
2 History
3 Major intersections
4 See also
5 References
6 External links
Route description[edit]

[icon] This section requires expansion. (December 2009)

Intersection of PA 346 and PA 646 in Derrick City, outside of Bradford

The routing of PA 159 along the Allegheny River in 1941
PA 346 was assigned in the original assignment of state highways in Pennsylvania. It originally began in Foster Brook, north of Bradford, and ended in Eldred.[1] It was extended westward in 1935 to a new terminus at Corydon, where it ended at PA 159,[3] a northsouth route assigned in 1928 that began at PA 59 in Cornplanter and followed the Allegheny River north to the New York state line.[1] This 10-mile (16 km) alignment of PA 159 remained in place until 1946, when all of PA 159 south of Corydon was replaced by an extended PA 346. The short segment of PA 159 between Corydon and the state line became unnumbered.[4]
When the Allegheny Reservoir was completed in 1967, the portion of PA 346 near the Allegheny River was permanently inundated. As a result, PA 346 was rerouted slightly on its existing western end to head northwest to the state line, where it connected to the rebuilt New York State Route 280.[5][6] Originally, PA 346 followed East Main Street in Bradford and Foster Brook.[7] When the Bradford Bypass (US 219) was finished in 1977, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation realigned PA 346 onto the bypass as well.[8]
Major intersections

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:21:52
Magura District
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2009)


Location of Magura in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23.40`N 89.40`ECoordinates: 23.40`N 89.40`E
Country Bangladesh
Division Khulna Division
Total 1,048.0 km2 (404.6 sq mi)
Population (1991)
Total 811,160
Density 770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Literacy rate
Total 28.5%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Summer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Website Banglapedia Article
Magura (Bengali: ) is a district in South-Western Bangladesh. It is a part of the Khulna Division.

Magura District (Khulna Division) with an area of 1048 km2, is bounded by Rajbari district to the north, Jessore and Narail districts to the south, Faridpur district to the east and Jhenaidaha district to the west.

Administrator of Zila Porishod: Syed Shariful Islam [1]
Deputy Commissioner (DC): Shooshanto Kumar Shaha [2]

Magura district has 4 upazilas. They are:
Magura Sadar Upazila
Mohammadpur Upazila
Shalikha Upazila
Sreepur Upazila

Срд 17 Июл 2013 12:22:10
Francisco Fonseca
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Jos™ Fonseca" redirects here. For the Costa Rican player, see Jos™ Pablo Fonseca.
Francisco Fonseca
Francisco Fonseca.jpg
Personal information
Full name Jos™ Francisco Fonseca Guzm‘n
Date of birth October 2, 1979 (age 33)
Place of birth LeЈn, Mexico
Height 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)
Playing position Striker / Winger
Club information
Current club Atlante
Number 14
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
20002002 La Piedad 28 (0)
20022004 UNAM 81 (24)
20052006 Cruz Azul 48 (25)
2006 Benfica 8 (1)
20072010 UANL 109 (15)
2011 Atlante 74 (11)
National team
20042008 Mexico 43 (21)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 5 May 2013.
Appearances (Goals).
Jos™ Francisco "Kikin" Fonseca Guzm‘n (born October 2, 1979, in LeЈn, Guanajuato) is a Mexican football striker. He currently plays for Atlante in the Liga MX.
Contents [hide]
1 Biography
1.1 Career
1.2 S.L. Benfica
1.3 International career
1.3.1 International goals
1.4 International appearances
2 External links

Fonseca made his first division debut with La Piedad in the 2001 Invierno season. After two seasons with Piedad, in which he played mostly as a substitute, Fonseca moved to UNAM Pumas, where he emerged as a star. After impressive showing in the 2003 Apertura and Clausura, he cemented his place in the Pumas starting lineup in the 2004 Clausura, during which he helped lead UNAM to a championship. After helping Pumas to a second title in the 2004 Apertura season, he was transferred to Cruz Azul, having registered 25 goals in 81 appearances for Pumas. At the beginning of 2005, Fonseca moved to Cruz Azul in one of the biggest transfers in Mexican league history. In Cruz Azul, he also was an important player playing 60 and registering 2 goals, help Cruz Azul reach the quarterfinals.
S.L. Benfica[edit]
On July 27, 2006, Fonseca signed a four year contract with the Portuguese team S.L. Benfica. Although playing in only 8 league games and scoring 1 goal (he also played in 3 cup games scoring 2 goals) in Portugal, Benfica's fans liked Fonseca's attitude and his charismatic personality. His first goal at S.L. Benfica was on December 21, 2006 when he headed in a pass from Nuno Gomes against Belenenses. Kikin scored another two goals in a match of the 4th round of the Ta—a de Portugal between Oliveira do Bairro SC and Benfica that ended 5-0.[1]
After a half season with Benfica, he was transferred to Mexico's UANL Tigres for the start of the Clausura 2007.
International career[edit]
Fonseca was an emerging force at forward for the Mexican national team. On April 2, 2006, coach Ricardo Lavolpe selected him in the 23 man Mexican squad for the 2006 World Cup, in Germany. He scored his first goal in the 2006 FIFA World Cup against Portugal and won the Man Of The Match Award given by FIFA in the defeat of Mexico versus Portugal. After being selected by Hugo S‘nchez for the 2007 Gold Cup, Fonseca was dropped from the squad for the 2007 Copa America due to his low performances and being shown the yellow card two games in a row for un-called for fouls and complaints against refs. Despite an injury to star striker Jared Borgetti, Fonseca declined invitation to the 2007 Copa America. Even though he was Hugo's first choice, he took Luis Angel Landin instead. On August 7, 2008, Fonseca was called up to join Ericksson's second list of players, after an almost 1 and a half year drought of not playing with the national team.

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